Estonia, best known for its medieval capital Tallinn, has some of the best-preserved medieval cities in Europe. The enchanting narrow and winding streets, cobbled pavement and towering ramparts draw visitors from around the globe. Opera, concerts, art exhibitions, antique shops and fine museums allow endless activity for the visitor. Every region of Estonia has something to offer. Situated right on the Baltic Sea, Estonia has hundreds of kilometers of coastline. Visitors can sail, swim and sunbathe on white sandy beaches in the summer, or give in to a curing mud bath at the health spas. In the South, visitors will find rolling hills, sparkling streams, lakes and dense forests of Southern Estonia for hiking, biking, horseback riding, and fishing. In the North East, closer to the Russian border, Neo-classicist manor houses and ancient ruins contrast with the remains of the Soviet industry in the region. Vast national parks and picturesque landscapes balance the scene.
Estonia's climate is temperate, with four seasons of near-equal length. The warmest month is July, and the coldest months are January and February. Estonia's climate is relatively mild because of its proximity to water. Even in summer, you should take along at least a sweater for cool evenings.
Estonia is on the north-eastern edge of the European Union, bordering Russia and Latvia. The mainland terrain is flat, boggy, and partly wooded. Offshore lie more than 15,000 islands.
Major Holidays & Events
1st of January: New Years day. Usually a very quiet day after celebrations.
24th of February: Independence day. Celebrated with the military parade in the morning and festive family dinners in the evening.
Moveable Friday during spring: Good Friday. Church holiday, a day for mourning and fasting
Moveable Sunday during spring: Easter Sunday. Commonly known as lihavõtted or munadepühad in Estonian. Celebrated by spring time (dairy based) treats, eggs and folk festivities.
1st of May: May Day. The night before (Walpburg night) is celebrated with parties and which-craft.
Moveable day during late spring: Whitsun. Church holiday, celebrated 7 weeks after Easter Sunday.
23rd of June: Victory Day. Celebrating decisive battle (1919) during the War of Independence
24th of June: Midsummer Day. Commonly known as Jaanipäev. Celebrated with bonfires, different events and festivities taking place all around Estonia. One of the most important dates in a year for Estonians.
20th of August: Day of Restoration of Independence. Celebrated with national festivities, events and family gatherings.
24th of December – 26th of December: Christmas.