A land perched on the edges of Europe and Asia, Turkey reflects both European and Arabic sensibilities in its archaeological sites and vibrant cities. Its landscape varies from Mediterranean beaches to volcanic remnants near Coppadocia. Grand European Travel’s guided tours of Turkey capture much of that wonder.

The capital city, Ankara, provides historical insights through places such as the mausoleum of Ataturk, a storied Turkish leader. Turkey’s largest city, Istanbul, is also the best known—with its marketplaces and bustling streets and Blue Mosque. But Turkish people everywhere welcome visitors. This is the land of princes, passions and kingdoms of long ago. Grand European vacation packages to Turkey put you right in the middle of its history and scenery.

The diverse landscapes of Turkey account for its vast array of climates. On the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts (in the east and southeast, respectively), visitors enjoy a temperate Mediterranean climate with hot and humid summers that are free from rain. In Istanbul, and the rest of the region around the Sea of Marmara, expect hot summers and cold winters. In the north along the Black Sea, an oceanic climate takes over, bringing precipitation to the warm, humid summers and cool, damp winters. Conditions are harsher as you move inland from these coasts, especially in the winter.

Southeastern Turkey, near the Syrian border, is dry and desert-like with hot summers. Eastern Turkey experiences heavy snow in its cold winters, with short summers in between them.

It's no wonder Turkey is celebrated for its warm Mediterranean beaches. Much of its perimeter is coastline, divided between the Black Sea in the north, the Aegean Sea to the west and the Mediterranean Sea in the southwest.

It shares its borders with eight other countries, which adds to its rich culture that varies by region: Bulgaria, Greece, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Syria, Iraq and Iran. Slightly larger than the state of Texas, Turkey offers beautiful mountains and forests that invite skiing and hiking, while its beaches allure travelers with boating, sunbathing and watersports.

Major Holidays & Events
In addition to the customary holidays, Turkey traditionally celebrates:
National Sovereignty and Children's Day - April 23
Labour and Solidarity Day - May 1
Atatürk Commemoration and Youth & Sports Holiday - May 19
Victory Day - August 30
Republic Day - October 29
Ramadan Feast and Sacrifice Feast - Islamic holidays, dates vary by year

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