Passports and visas
All passengers require a machine-readable passport valid for six months beyond the conclusion of their trip, with appropriate visas. You should carry your passport with you at all times to ensure against its loss or theft in hotels. All passengers must check with the Israeli Consulate to determine if any visas are needed. This information is a guide only and it is essential that you check all current passport and visa rules with your travel agent before departure.

Currency
Israel's currency is the New Israel Shekel, or NIS for short. It is more commonly referred to as a shekel in English. Each shekel is made up of 100 agora, and it is available as paper or in coin form. Coins come in denominations of 10 and 50 agorot or 1, 2, 5 and 10 shekels.

Voltage
The voltage in Israel is generally 220 V, and outlets will fit the two-pin plug known as the Europlug.

Internet Access
Laptops and electronics from USA or Europe will usually work in Israel, assuming to have access to an electric plug adapter, European French adapter, (this can be purchased in all major electronics stores, online or in the airport). Internet cafes are popular in Israel making it easy for visitors to access the internet. Most hotels also offer wireless access.

Phones
The country code for Israel is 972. To make international calls from within the country, first dial 00, followed by the country code (1 for the U.S. and Canada), area code, and local number.

Shopping
The modern city of Tel Aviv is Israel’s shopping hub for its plethora of designer boutiques offering everything from top European-style fashion to home wares and jewelry. In Jerusalem, you will find that markets in the Old City offer an abundance of religious souvenirs as well as artwork, antiquities, jewelry, olive wood carvings, woven baskets and leather goods, exotic spices and fabrics.

Tipping
The going rate for tipping in Israeli restaurants and cafes is between 10-15%. Taxi drivers do not expect to be tipped (or at least they are not surprised by non-tippers as locals do not tip in taxis). Transportation It is convenient to get around Israel thanks to international car rental companies, taxis, and public bus systems.

Dress
Israel is a highly Westernized country, while some parts remain religious and traditional. Tel Aviv is very casual. If you plan to go to religious shrines or services, you should bring nice clothes. Jewish holy places usually allow you to enter with shorts, but the shrines of other faiths often require more modest dress. This is true also in religious Jewish neighborhoods where women, especially, are expected to wear sleeves below the elbow and skirts below the knees. In Jerusalem, one should dress appropriately to local sensitivities (long trousers for men, loose shirts covering the elbows and skirts covering the knees for women). Carrying a shawl to use as needed is a good idea.

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