Probably the most diverse destination in North America, Mexico provides just about everything to travelers, from ritzy beach resorts to ancient ruins and stunning natural wonders. Mexico City, the second largest city in the world, boasts world-renowned museums, historical palaces and incredible natural parks. All around Mexico travelers can explore ancient Aztec and Mayan ruins, like the ancient city of Teotihuacan and the Templo Mayor.From the Bahia de las Banderas (Bay of Flags) to the white sand beaches of Acapulco, Puerto Vallarta and the Yucatan, Mexico's unparalleled cultural and geographical diversity makes it a stunning destination any time of year.
Mexico is divided into two regions, the temperate area in the north and the tropical area in the south. The country has sunny, warm weather for most of the year. The north is hot and humid during the summer and has cooler temperatures in the winter. The northernmost parts of the country can be very cold and snowy in the winter months. The south has a relatively constant climate year-round. The wet season is from May through October. From August to October, both the east and west coasts can be affected by tropical storms. These typically bring a few days of heavy rain. They rarely reach hurricane strength, though if they do, the east coast is more likely to experience this severe weather.
About three times as large as Texas, Mexico has 31 states and one federal district. It has almost 5800 miles of coastline, most on the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California, the rest along the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. The northern part of the country is largely desert and plateaus. There are rugged mountains and magnificent canyons in the central areas, and rainforests and plains in the eastern and southern sections. Most of Mexico's 150 rivers flow into the Pacific Ocean, the remainder travel to the Gulf of Mexico or Caribbean Sea. The peninsula of Baja California is the westernmost part of the country.
Major Holidays & Events
In addition to the customary holidays, Mexico traditionally celebrates:
First Monday in February - Constitution Day
Third Monday in March - Benito Juárez's Birthday
May 1 - Labor Day
September 16 - Independence Day
Third Monday in November - Revolution Day
Other holidays, when businesses may not be closed:
February 19 & 24 - Army's Day & Flag Day
April 21 - Heroic Defense of Veracruz
May 5 & 8 - Fifth of May & Miguel Hidalgo's Birthday
June 1 - Marine's Day
September 13, 15, 27 & 30 - Heroic Cadets, Cry of Dolores, End of Independence War & Morelos's Birthday
October 12 - Columbus Day