History and Art
of Flamenco Dancing

History and Art
of Flamenco Dancing

"You can't have a true Spanish experience without flamenco."

First, The History of Flamenco

According to most scholars, Flamenco dancing dates to the 15th century, though there are claims the art dates back to even the 14th. Ultimately, though, it was a union of folk styles that began the form as we know it today.

Traveling across India, the Middle East, and North Africa, the Gitanos of Southern Spain adopted local folk songs, dance, and instruments along the way. Bringing these forms with them to the Iberian Peninsula, they expanded further under the influence of the "Moors," Muslim, and Sephardic Jewish customs of the region.

Centuries later, what some call the golden age of flamenco rose during the Romantic Era — from the late-1700s to mid-1800s. During this era, singing was the primary concentration of focus within Flamenco; guitar and dance playing a supporting role. Yet, things changed in 1881 when Silverio Franconetti opened the first café cantante inviting spectators to imbibe and enjoy a firey musical show. Strangely, as Franconetti was a Flamenco singer, the shows featured the dancers in the spotlight; the singers playing supporting roles. 

These bars and shows developed over time, eventually opening the door for ópera Flamenca, once the opera and ballet began incorporating elements of Flamenco. What had begun as an amalgamation of folk forms was now transforming into a serious commercial force; appreciated by Spanish aristocrats.

In fact, in order to protect its Spanish authenticity, artists and intellectuals began to hold Flamenco competitions in the 1920s; popularizing Flamenco on the global stage. In an attempt at propaganda, it was adopted by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco as the National Dance of Spain; thus, further cementing the art form into its esteemed place.

The Art of Flamenco


There are three categories of flamenco songs: cante jondo, cante intermedio, and cante chico—profound, intermediate, and light songs, respectively. Cante jondo songs typically flow with heavy emotional themes—death, sadness, religion. The cante chico has a lighter, happier tone—love, celebration, renewal—and simpler rhythms. Cante intermedio songs fall in between the two; though even when dealing with serious issues, they have a less tragic feeling.


In flamenco performances, the female dancers customarily wear an elaborate red or black ruffled dress which helps accentuate her movements. Some say that the Polka dot pattern typical in Flamenco draws its origins in the small, round mirrors traditionally worn on clothes to ward off evil spirits. Male dancers wear tight black pants and a white, long-sleeve shirt with a jacket or vest. 


The male focuses on complex footwork and the female dancer emphasizes the movements of the hands and torso, while the guitarist keeps time. It's romantically acknowledged that the Flamenco dress is said to enhance the dancer's shape in a similar way to a "guitar body." The result is a beautiful synergy of sound and movement, a passionate, romantic art form that any visitor to Spain should see for themselves!


Travel with Insight Vacations on the Best of Spain & Portugal, and participate in a flamenco class at the Cristina Heeren Foundation of Flamenco Art. Not only will you learn the skills and dedication it takes to be a flamenco artist, but you'll also have a chance to see a performance of ex-students of the school, students that are now important and recognized flamenco artists.

The Cristina Heeren Foundation of Flamenco Art is a private, non-profit entity, created in 1993 in Seville by Cristina Heeren, the Hispanist-American patron. Its aims are the promotion, the teaching, and the conservation of flamenco both in Andalusia and Spain, as well as internationally. GET Cares, through the TreadRight Foundation, sponsors the Cristina Heeren Foundation of Flamenco Art in order to offer four TreadRight scholarships for advanced students of guitar, singing, and dance at the foundation. Learn more here.

TreadRight’s mission is to have a positive impact on the people and communities we visit, to protect wildlife and marine life, and to care for the planet we call home. Traveling with any of The Travel Corporation’s brands means that you are choosing an organization that supports development in all of these areas.